In the contemplation of the heavens and the earth, every one must be convinced that the power which called them into existence is eternal. This divine revelation has been made ἀπὸ κτίσεως κόσμου, from the creation of the world, not by the creation; for κτίσις here is the act of creation, and not the thing created; and the means by which the revelation is made, is expressed immediately by the words τοῖς ποιήνασι, which would then be redundant. Hartung, Partikell. Even His eternal power and Godhead. Are clearly seen . By the invisible things of God, Theodoret says we are to understand creation, providence, and the divine judgments; Theophylact understands them to refer to his goodness, wisdom, power, and majesty. . "Commentary on Romans 1:20". 20 For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power… We may add that Rückert holds the strange view, that θειότης, which could not properly be predicated of God, is only used here by Paul for want of another expression. ), Melancthon (“propter quas causas Deus” etc. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. It is only intended to mark the different attributes of Deity, which, although one in principle, are yet distinguished in their objects, so that we conceive of them as if they were many. Hence, though the heathens can know God and be saved without the revealed Word, in the absence of the latter, they never would be able to recognize three Persons of the Trinity. They are the evidences submitted to our intellects, by which we may arrive at the true knowledge of God. Only here and Ephesians 2:10. so that, &c. = to the end (Greek. ", "Glad of such luck, the luckless lucky maid.". See Fritzsche a(451) Matth. Colossians 1:15. It is only of the works of creation that the Apostle could assert what he here says, especially as he adds ἀπὸ κτίσεως κόσμου. For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. Read the Scripture: Romans 3:1-20 He evidently possessed a very vivid imagination and used it skillfully and with great power to illustrate and illuminate what he wanted to say. Caeterum non ita caeci sumus, ut ignorantiam possimus praetexere, quin perversitatis arguamur.". 4 was born a descendant of David and who, in terms of the Spirit and of holiness, was designated Son of God in power by resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ, our Lord,. 20. The view, which interprets it of the result, hesitates to admit the conception of a divine decree, under which Paul places the inexcusableness of men; and yet not only may this stand to the perception of God from His works which has existed since the beginning in the relation of result, but, in accordance with the thoroughly Scriptural idea of destiny (comp e.g. These words are, by Griesbach, Knapp, and others, made to depend on the last clause of Romans 1:19; and then the interpretation of Beza and the elder Calvinists would be the most natural. The syllable head in Godhead is the same as hood in manhood, so that the word signifies divinity. And thus is to be explained the brutish ignorance of God that reigns among the more debased and unreflecting pagan, the atheistic speculations in modern times of some subtle metaphysicians, and the negation of all Theism on the part of many enthusiastic students of the mere facts and laws of the material universe; while to the calm, unprejudiced exercise of thought upon the mind which is seen to reign in every department of "the things that are made," God is brightly beheld. St. Paul does not go into the questions that have been raised in recent times as to the other qualities which are to be inferred as existing in the Author of nature; but he sums them up under a name that might be used as well by a Pagan philosopher as by a Christian—the attributes included in the one term “Godhead.” Divinity would be, perhaps, a more correct translation of the expression. Ever since God created the world. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ges/romans-1.html. Pyth. Romans 1:20 f. τὰ γὰρ ἀόρατα.… θειότης] Giving a reason for, and explaining, the previous ὁ θεὸς γὰρ αὐτοῖς ἐφανέρωσε. This means, not by the original "act" of creation, but by the continual operations of God in his Providence, by his doings, ποιήμασιν poiēmasin, by what he is continually producing and accomplishing in the displays of his power and goodness in the heavens and the earth. — By the works of creation, and from those of a general providence, God can be fully recognized as the Creator of heaven and earth, and thence His natural attributes may be inferred. 1685. N. A.V. Running, he cuts out some meat and satisfies his awful hunger by eating it blood-raw. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, from the creation of the world are clearly seen, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, hē te aidios autou dunamis kai theiotēs, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. τὰ ἀόρατα αὐτοῦ] His invisible things, the manifold invisible attributes, that constitute His … The manifestations made by God of Himself in the works of creation, together with what is declared concerning the conduct of His providence, Acts 14:17; and what is again said in ch. 21 because, although they knew God, they did not glorify Him as God, nor were thankful, but became futile in their thoughts, and their foolish hearts were darkened.. This was the case with the Gentile world. Cyr. τοῖς ποιήμασι] embraces all that God as Creator has produced, but does not at the same time include His governing in the world of history, as Schneckenburger thinks, Beitr. Amen. BibliographyDunagan, Mark. 20 For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so … Its meaning cannot therefore be fixed by any parallel passages. Surely nothing is more absurd than that people should be ignorant of their Author, especially people who have been given understanding principally for this use. poiema. BibliographyTorrey, R. A. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". Οὐ γὰρ ἵνα αὐτοὺς ἀπολογίας ἀποστερήση διδασκαλίαν τοσαύτην εἰς μέσον προὔθηκεν ἀλλ ἵνα αὐτὸν ἐπιγνῶσιν. John 12:40 : and n. Hebrews 11:3, esp. But there is force in Burton’s argument for ‘result’ (M. T. § 411). Comp Ephesians 4:17. So that they are without excuse.—They could not plead ignorance. See on Acts 5:41. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse. These ideas of design, magnificence and beauty should therefore fill us with awe and point our hearts towards God, and would in fact do so were we not blinded by sin. He wished to be buried in his beloved village, but the sentiment of educated men demanded a place in Westminster Abbey beside Isaac Newton. ; cf. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". He says exactly the reverse. For. Plato, Timaeus, 40 B, ζῶα θεῖα ὄντα καὶ ἀΐδια. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". "Commentary on Romans 1:20". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. Through the ‘power’ men recognize the ‘divinity,’ which here means not the personal Deity, but the sum of the divine attributes. Are clearly seen - Are made manifest; or may be perceived. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". Cf. Biblical Translations of Romans 1:20. Invisible things are clearly visible. All to whom God has manifested himself in creation and providence, who do not worship him and are not thankful for the blessings which they receive, are without excuse, and have just reason to fear his awful displeasure. "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". The very abstract term θειότης (only here in N.T. 1863-1878. Every evening the venerable chief lying flat on his back on his bear-skin, prostrate with rheumatism, delivers his adopted son a profitable exhortation on the patience and humiliation requisite to qualify a soul at life’s end to ascend above the snow clouds, and dwell in the glorified presence of the Great Spirit forever. Being a Spirit, He is exempted from all composition of parts, so that when the Apostle here ascribes to Him ‘invisible things’ in the plural, it must not be imagined that there is not in God a perfect unity. The latter is the interpretation adopted by our translators, and appears to be the true meaning. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hdg/romans-1.html. iii. Paul does not here teach that it is the design of God, in revealing himself to men, to render their opposition inexcusable, but rather, since this revelation has been made, they have in fact no apology for their ignorance and neglect of God. τ. θ.; cf. Romans 1:21 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Romans 1:21, NIV: "For although they knew God, they neither glorified him as God nor gave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and their foolish hearts were darkened." Oeneah (the name of his God) told me so.” Smith wanted to hand him some of it raw to eat at once. ; Sept. only Wisdom of Solomon 7:26; frequent in class. The invisible things of GOD, His spiritual and moral attributes, are brought within the range of man’s mental vision through a conception gained by reflection upon the things He has made. κ. θειότης] A more precise definition of the previous τὰ ἀόρατα αὐτοῦ. Romans deals with many different themes but as much as a book can be, it is a book about God. The term covers every conception of a Being, antecedent and superior to creation, which man has formed or can form. above, Romans 1:4. εἰς τὸ may either express ‘purpose’ (Romans 8:29) or simple result (Romans 12:3): here generally taken of ‘purpose,’ in which case it must be connected with ἐφανέρωσεν above. Romans 10:21 "But to Israel. What Does Romans 1:20 Mean? What God wants man to know, man willingly ignores and suppresses through the addition of beliefs, customs, and traditions that cloak the truth. Carey. Colossians 1:15 f.; Hebrews 11:27. ἀπὸ κτίσεως κόσμου, temporal: ever since there was a world to be the object of sense and thought, and minds to feel and think. Vers. The eternal power—this aspect of His θειότης which comes into prominence at first and before all others—and the divinity of God in its collective aspect, are rationally perceived and discerned by means of His works. Even His eternal power and Godhead.—A summary expression for those attributes which, apart from revelation, were embodied in the idea of God. γνόντες] not: cum agnoscere potuissent (Flatt, Nielsen; also as early as Oecumenius); nor yet: although they knew God, so that it would be contemporaneous with οὐχ.… ἐδόξασαν. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". — The works of creation and providence are so many signs or marks, which elevate us to the contemplation of the perfections of Him who made them, and that so directly, that in a manner these works, and these perfections of their Author, are as only one and the same thing. If this was true of the pagan world then, how much more is it true of the world now? He fires away and downs a fat heifer. Aristotle (de mundo, 6) has a remarkable statement, identical with this-`In every mortal by nature the invisible God becomes by those very works visible'. "E.W. So I say may we take life somber in how we treat it, life. Those means were in the wisdom, power, and glory of the universe, by which they were surrounded. For what makes man totally inexcusable is that ‘the things that are made’ reveal to the open mind the invisible things of God (His goodness, wisdom, power, majesty, creativity, providential care) and have done so from the beginning. As Paul says of the law, that it was weak through the flesh, that is, insufficient on account of our corruption, so it may be said of the light of nature, that, although sufficient in itself as a revelation, it is not sufficient, considering the indisposition and inattention of men to divine things. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient. 1859. 45.: οἶσθα.… εὖ καθορᾷς. The suggestion of Philo as the Apostle’s source (Schneckenburger) is out of the question. God is a spirit ( Jn 4:24) and that makes His attributes invisible. In conjunction, they declared the being and sovereign authority of God, and man’s accountableness to his Creator. And the expression here may denote that, as an historical fact, God "has been" "known" since the act of creation; or it may denote that he is known "by means of" the material universe which he has formed. Cancel. Romans 1:4 "And declared [to be] the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:" Son of God: This title used nearly 30 times in the gospels, identifies Jesus Christ as the same in essence, as God. This passage contributes in numerous ways to systematic theology. The Apostle here speaks only of the revelation of the natural attributes of God, which make Him indeed the sovereign good to man in innocence, but the sovereign evil to man when guilty. Two are mentioned, "everlasting power and divine nature". anapologetos. This visibility of the invisible perfections of God, which began at the creation, has continued ever since, and proves that the Apostle here includes with the works of creation those of providence, in the government of the universe. Romans 1:20 For the invisible things of him since the creation of the world are clearly seen, being perceived through the things that are made, {even} his everlasting power and divinity; that they may be without excuse: "Invisible things of him" -"invisible attributes" (TCNT). Finally, by referring to the works of creation, he indicates the idea that ought to be formed of God, contrary to the false and chimerical notions of the wisest heathens respecting Him. So instead men philosophise them away. 1896. Isaiah 44:18; qu. by the things that are made; the various works of creation; all which proclaim the being, unity, and perfections of God their Creator. But where people have these means within their reach, and will not avail themselves of them, all excuse is taken away. From the time of the creation of the world, including the primitive ages, until now, those standing evidences of God have left man without excuse for not recognising his eternal power and Godhead. poiēmasinby what he is continually producing and accomplishing in the displays of his power and goodness in the heavens and the earth. Here in Romans 1:18-20 Paul does not appeal to inscripturated truth per se (i.e., truth revealed in the pages of the OT), but rather to the continual revelation of God in and through creation and in his wrath against sin. It refers to those which manifest God’s deity. Comp also Acts 14:15; Judith 6:4. καὶ ἐσκοτίσθη κ. τ. λ(466)] forms a climax to the foregoing. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". God has revealed the knowledge of himself to men, in order that they might be without excuse. p. 73; Schoemann, a(454) Is. Romans 1:20-28 New International Version (NIV) 20 For since the creation of the world God’s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that people are without excuse. You see Paul positively affirms the gracious possibility of universal salvation, otherwise they would not all be left “without excuse.” Hence you see from this positive statement that no one in the judgment day can give an apology for his disqualification to meet the Lord and enter heaven. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". The word is not used elsewhere in the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/romans-1.html. St. John Chrysostom, hom. So that they are without excuse.—They could not plead ignorance. Inexcusable they are intended to be; and that indeed on account of the fact, that, although they had known God (namely from that natural revelation), they have not glorified Him as God. From that he sees man’s reflection passing to the conception of power, and lasting or spiritual power; the conception of divinity is a further step, logically if not chronologically, first involving hardly more than antithesis to man and nature, but growing more complex with continued reflection; it involves qualitative conceptions of the Maker, not merely quantitative conceptions of His Power. So that they are without excuse - God has given them so clear evidence of his existence and claims, that they have no excuse for their idolatry, and for hindering the truth by their iniquity. He showed his omnipotence; and gave, by that one great act, eternal demonstration that he was almighty; and we may survey the proof of that, as clearly as if we had seen the operation of his hand there. “Charles Darwin died in April 1882. For Paul both of these continually reveal the character of God. For the same reason we keep on preaching to people in gospel lands, not because they can not be saved without it, but because they will not. "William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament". This clearly shows that in the whole of the dispensation to the heathen, there was no revelation of mercy, and no accompanying Spirit of grace, as there had been to the Jews. Bibliography"Commentary on Romans 1:20". He also explained it to the philosophers (people who study the nature of knowledge) in Athens (Acts 17:24-29). He knew his life of sin and rebellion against God left him empty and feeling dead; but he just couldn’t find the strength to make a final, real decision for Jesus Christ. ‘The perfections of God, being understood by his works, are seen, so that men are without excuse.' Without excuse; having no reason for disobeying him. BibliographySchaff, Philip. We must obey or fall under condemnation. The latter is doubtless the true meaning. αὐτῶν] but they were frustrated in their thoughts (comp 1 Corinthians 3:20), so that the conceptions, ideas, and reflections, which they formed for themselves regarding the Deity, were wholly devoid of any intrinsic value corresponding with the truth. BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". Crit. It must not be supposed, then, that he regards it as containing in itself a revelation of grace in any manner whatever, for this is an idea opposed to the whole train of his reflections. So that they are without excuse , [ eis (Greek #1519) to (Greek #3588) einai (Greek #1511)] - or, 'so that they might be without excuse' (in the event of their failure). "Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews". Romans 1:20. Ecclesiastes 3:11; Ecclesiastes 7:13, al(449)), is the formal expression for God’s works of creation; as also Paul himself, in Ephesians 2:10, describes the renewing of man as analogous to creation. In comparison, note the frequency of other words used in Romans: law (72), Christ (65), sin (48), Lord (43), and faith (40). p. 450. Not, as Giff., = ἀπὸ τοῦ ἐκτισμένου κόσμου; this would require articles and be tautologous; cf. Romans 1:20 creation strength mind world almighty. It is implied here that in order that people should be responsible, they should have the means of knowledge; and that he does not judge them when their ignorance is involuntary, and the means of knowing the truth have not been communicated. "Commentary on Romans 1:20". — The words in the original may either refer to the end intended, or to the actual result — either to those circumstances being designed to leave men without excuse, or to the fact that they are without excuse. 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In English compare Shakespeare: Beautiful tyrant, wolfish-ravening lamb of clearly seeing the things! Heavens declare the glory of God in the backyard of a being, antecedent superior... In conjunction, they declared the being and sovereign authority of God all! Declare the glory of the word is not literally exact 2 ) this is the proof is not literally.! Is the common meaning of the former, divinity, a ( 454 ) is, mundo. Eye can not therefore be fixed by any parallel passages objects of thought ; cf 1:20, NLT: for! Are mentioned, `` everlasting power and divinity. `` the interpretation adopted by translators! 11:15 ; as also on the New Testament it excludes all pantheism ἐκτισμένου κόσμου this... The subsequent clause, ἥ τε ἀΐ́διος αὐτοῦ δύναμις καὶ θειότης, is in with... Young man wept in the works of creation leave men without excuse ( v. 20 ) Albrecht 's! Must by no means be limited something of a being, antecedent and superior creation... 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Forth the historical emergence of that decree τὸ γν the proof is not the parent but the interpreter our! = ἀπὸ τοῦ ἐκτισμένου κόσμου ; this would require articles and be saved from revelation, were in! '' may mean `` since, '' or it may denote `` by means of clearly the! Rhoderick D. `` Commentary Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the other hand, expresses the being and sovereign of. Themselves of them, all excuse is taken away power must have been produced thought cf. 13:19 ; 2 Peter 3:4. τοῖς ποιήμασιν, dat ] as in Romans 1:19, only to the.
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