Ingles, J.A. 69–73. 2004a. Philippine Fisheries Profile. Over a million Filipinos are engaged in marine fishing. Thus, efforts to explore and assess new fishing grounds were conducted by the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) through M/V DA-BFAR. 72–78. The Philippines boast one of the world’s most robust fisheries. Towards an improved Philippine Fisheries Code: An analysis of the capture fisheries provisions. The Philippines is … Sustaining Philippine marine fisheries beyond “turbulent seas”: A synopsis of key management issues and opportunities. 2013. pp. The Philippines is a significant producer of tunas globally but has experienced a decline in tuna production in recent years. Skipjack provided 199,152.50 MT (18%), followed by round scad and yellowfin tuna that contributed 164,443.04 MT (15%) and 102,400.30 metric tons (10%), respectively (Figure 9). The BFAR has been actively spearheading GAD programs in the fisheries sector. In the Philippines, aquaculture is categorized according to environment, farming system, farming technology, and production. NGOs active on various issues in fisheries. Juliano, R.O. However, the Philippine government quickly realized the importance of its natural resources in terms of tourism potential and industry. WWF-Philippines, Quezon City. The country’s shelf and coral reef areas cover 18.46 million ha and 2.7 million ha, respectively (Figure 1) (BFAR, 2011). Aliño, P.M., Atrigenio, M.P., Quibilan, M.C.C. In: DA-BFAR, 2004, q.v. pp. However, the state of the country’s resources in municipal waters is lightly to heavily exploited and overfished. and V.G. References to these sources are provided as far as possible. Ingles, J.A. ADB.2012. With 7,100 islands, the Philippines has the world's longest discontinuous coastline. The Republic Act (RA) 10654 amending the Fisheries Code of 1998 (RA 8550) sets out the general framework for managing the country’s fisheries sector with the BFAR as leading government agency responsible for conservation and management of fishery resources beyond municipal waters. Bureau of Agricultural Statistics, BAS. 2004. 38–41. 2004. Price estimates were calculated on October 17, 2020. 144–149. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Department of Agriculture, Quezon City, Philippines, BFAR. These resources are in crisis as evidenced by the declining fish catch, size and species composition around the country. Fisheries Statistics of the Philippines 2013-2015. The use of destructive fishing methods (e.g. Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources, Department of Agriculture, Quezon City, Philippines, Carpenter, K.E. EO 240, establishing Fisheries and Aquatic Resource Management Councils (FARMCs). The fishing gears and methods used in inland waters are usually simple types such as cover pot, fish trap, lift net, fish trap, pole-and-line, push net, skimming net, cover net, gillnet, dredge, cast net, among others. The Agriculture and Fisheries Modernization Act of 1997 (RA 8435) sets out measures to modernize the fisheries sector particularly on credits and extension. Philippine Fisheries Profile. 2013. In: WWF-SSME Program. Quezon City, Philippines. 2004b. 98 Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998, Prohibition on the capture of sabalo (full-grown milkfish) and other breeders and spawners, Hold down the shift key and drag to zoom to a particular region, United Nations Geospatial Information Section http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/english/htmain.htm, Imagery for continents and oceans reproduced from GEBCO, www.gebco.net, Presence of settlement with resulting problems in sanitation and disposal, Deforestation of upland and mangrove forests, Lack of soil conservation appropriate for wetlands, Chemical pollution from industry and domestic sources, Biological pollution (introduction of exotic species). In the Philippines, illegal and destructive fishing practices include compressor fishing, spear fishing and blast fishing. 47–52. Figure 3. 2004. seaweeds (Kappaphycusalvarezii, Eucheumadenticulatum, slipper cupped oysters (Crassostreairedalei). SEAFDEC participates in the Second Regional Inception Phase Meeting for the SCS SAP Project, SEAFDEC holds its 2020 Department Chiefs’ Meeting, The Twenty-first Meeting of SEAFDEC Information Staff Program convened, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10641-004-3154-4, http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#country/171, Marine Fisheries Research Department (MFRD), Marine Fishery Resources Development and Management Department (MFRDMD), Inland Fishery Resources Development and Management Department (IFRDMD). WWF Sulu-Sulawesi Marine Ecoregion Program. The country’s municipal fisheries contributed 1.01 million MT or 21.7% of the total fish production in 2015 (Figure 4). Fishing has always been a way of life in the Philippines. pp. Indian sardine contributed the most, 217,758 MT or 20%. &Tiquio, M.G.J.P. pp. ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, and Center for Strategic Policy and Governance, Palawan State University. In: DA-BFAR, 2004, q.v. Canned products, particularly tuna, are consumed locally in smaller quantities compared with the export volume, and most of the frozen products are meant for export. Flores, J.O. The national wetlands action plan for the Philippines (2011-2016). Of the 20 major species, double digit increments in production were noted in bigeye tuna (tambakol/bariles, 39.9%), bali sardinella (tamban, 31.5%), blue crab (alimasag, 25.6%), cavalla (talakitok, 18.9%), yellowfin tuna (tambakol/bariles, 16.1%), frigate tuna (tulingan, 13.6%) and roundscad (galunggong, 12.9%). In terms of value, the major destinations of Philippine fishery products are USA (24%), Japan (13%), Hong Kong (9%), Germany (6%), China (4.8%), Taiwan (3.7%), UK (3.6%), Spain (3.3%), Netherlands (2.1%), South Korea (1.9%), and others (28%). The Local Government Code of 1991 (RA 7160) provides the local government units (municipal and city governments) the jurisdiction and responsibility to manage the fisheries within their jurisdiction (municipal waters within 15 km from the shoreline), and grants preferential use of municipal waters to municipal or small-scale fishers. A review of the capture fisheries provisions of the Fisheries Code: Synthesis of plenary papers and workshop outputs. 89 Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998. Mandaluyong City, Philippines. General geographic and economic indicators, Figure 13 – Philippines – PFDA regional fish port complexes, Management measures and institutional arrangements, Socio-economic contribution of the fishery sector, Role of fisheries in the national economy, Government and non-government sector policies and development strategies, Commission for the Conservation of Southern Bluefin Tuna (CCSBT), International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT), Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific (NACA), Southeast Asian Fisheries Development Center (SEAFDEC), Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission (WCPFC), National Aquaculture Sector Overview (NASO), National Aquaculture Legislation Overview (NALO), Marine resources - Western Central Pacific, Northwest pacific : Bottom gillnet alfonsino and oreo fishery - high seas : 2009, Northwest pacific : Bottom longline fishery - high seas : 2009, Northwest pacific : Bottom trawl alfonsino and armourhead fishery - high seas : 2009, Northwest pacific : Pot deep-sea crabs fishery - high seas : 2009, Pacific islands region : Marine fisheries : 2009, Database on Introductions of Aquatic Species, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/rp.html, GDP at current prices (2013)(billion USD, and PHP), Agricultural GDP (2013)(billion USD, and PHP), Fisheries GDP (2013)(billion USD, and PHP), Agriculture, forestry, and fishing, value added. 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